Previous posts looked at the families of Emily Strong, my great grandmother (Remembering Those Lost) and her father, Robert (Intelligence Gathering). In this post we turn to her mother, Amelia, and her family of origin.
We already met Amelia's father, Abraham Hemingway, in the England censuses for 1901 and 1911. His estimated year of birth from the census is 1828, and his place of birth is listed as Halton, Yorkshire. Retired by 1901, he had worked as a railway engineer. The first passenger railway (railroad for my American readers) opened in 1825. By 1840 Britain had nearly 2400 miles of track. By 1860 there was over 14000 miles, which had more than doubled again by the end of the century. Abraham Hemingway grew up as the railways expanded and became one of the skilled engineers who built and operated them.
Moving back in time, we have the 1891 England Census at Keer Villas, Carnforth, Lancashire.
Abraham Hemingway Head M 63 Locomotive Foreman Yorkshire, Halton
Mary Hemingway Wife M 64 Anglesey, Amlwch
Mary E Cawood Daughter Widow 39 Music Teacher London, Surrey
Albert E Cawood Grandson 10 USA, Missouri
Mary Hemingway must have died between this census in 1891, and the next census in which her husband is now recorded as a widower. The BMD Death Index has a Mary Hemmingway Dec1899 Lancaster 8e 568 Age:72. And the parish records at St Oswald's, Warton, Lancashire have the burial on 29 December 1899 of Mary Hemmigway, of Carnforth, Age 72. Warton is within walking distance of Carnforth. Various records have Hemingway or Hemmingway as variants of clearly the same family
Mary Elizabeth Hemingway was baptized at St George the Martyr, Southwark, 4 January 1852, born 21 August 1851, Daughter of Abraham Hemingway Engineer and mother, Mary (BMD Birth Index Sep1851 Camberwell 4 89). BMD Marriage Index has Mary Hemingway and Henry Cawood Sep1878 Barrow-in-Furness 8e 1096. About three years later, their son Albert was born in the USA, and by 1891 Mary was a widow.
According to Christ Church, Carnforth parish records she later remarried one Thomas Cook, a tin plate worker, on 24 November 1900. I do find this couple in Lancaster for the 1901 census and then no more. I presume that Thomas died shortly afterwards, and Mary subsequently went by her first married name, Cawood, since the National Probate Calendar records the death on 16 June 1937 of Mary Elizabeth Cawood awarding probate to Douglas Stuart [senior] shipbroker and Emily Stuart, who would have been her niece. This corresponds to BMD Death Index Mary E Cawood Jun1937 Romford 4a 450 Age:82.
Back to the Hemingways. In 1881 at 28 Salthouse Road, Barrow-in-Furness
Abraham Hemingway Head Mar 53 Foreman Engineer (Loco: Depart' Rly)
Yorkshire, Halton nr. Leeds
Mary Hemingway Wife Mar 54 Anglese [sic], Amlwch
Jane Hemingway Daur Unm 24 School Mistress (Certificated)
Amelia Hemingway Daur Unm 18 Lancs., Manchester
Sometimes I think I might need to be certificated! Jane Hemingway's BMD Birth Index is difficult to find in ancestry.com, since it has not been indexed, but I was able to find the page after searching through the freebmd.org site. There are two Jane Hemingways for the March quarter 1857. One is in Stepney, London and the other in Great Boughton on the Cheshire/Flintshire border, consistent with our Jane's census returns. The reference should be Mar1857 Gt Boughton 8e 365. BMD Marriage Index has Jane Hemingway and William Stewart Sep1883 Barrow-in-Furness 8e 1165, and the 1891 England Census shows them living in Barrow at 72 Mount Pleasant. His occupation is given as Mercantile Clerk. Later censuses show them moving to Essex. She remains a School Mistress through to at least 1911. For the 1901 census, 18-year-old Mary [Janetta] Strong, niece is staying with them, which helps in filling out this branch of the Strong family.
Amelia Hemingway is my 2xgreat grandmother. In addition to what I have recorded in previous posts, her BMD Birth Index entry is Jun1862 Chorlton 8c 62. Her baptismal record is 27 July 1862 St John the Baptist in Hulme, Manchester.
In 1871 Abraham, senior, is not home, and I have not yet found his census return. But his family are counted at 26 Lyme Street, Chorlton-upon-Medlock,
Mary Hemingway Wife Mar 44 Wife of Mr. Hemingway Anglesea
Mary E Daur Unm 19 Dressmaker Surrey, London
Jane Daur Unm 14 Pupil Teacher Wales, Saltney
Abraham Son 12 Scholar Lancs., Manchester
Amelia Daur 8 Scholar Lancs., Manchester
William Son 7 Scholar Lancs., Manchester
For Abraham Hemingway, the son, I have the following:
BMD Birth Index Jun1859 Chorlton 8c 98
Baptism 16 June 1861 at St John the Baptist, Hulme, Manchester
BMD Death Index Mar1925 Fulham 1a 448 Age:65
National Probate Calendar: probate date 12 May 1925; died 21 February 1925
BMD Marriage Index Mar1888 Fulham 1a 321
Marriage to Annie Peerman 1 February 1888 at St John, Walham Green
BMD Marriage Index Jun1919 Wandsworth 1d 1198
Marriage to Ada Kedge 11 June 1919 at St Barnabas, Clapham Common
In the 1881 England Census Abraham is an Architectural Student, boarding with a Goodwin family in Battersea, Surrey. The Entry has "Hemmingway". By 1891 his occupation is Builder (Hemmingway); by 1901 he is "Living on own means" (Hemingway); and in 1911 a Landlord, presumably living off rents (Hemingway).
William Hemingway leaves the following documentary record:
BMD Birth Index Sep1863 Chorlton 8c 539
Baptism 10 July 1864 at St John the Baptist, Hulme, Manchester
BMD Marriage Index Sep1889 Fulham 1a 585 to Caroline Johanna M Staetter
BMD Death Index Dec1943 Fulham 1a 341 Age:80
In the 1881 England Census William is an Engineering Student at Owens College, Manchester, boarding with a Robinson family. In 1891, William and Caroline live at 9 Cawood Terrace (interesting coincidence of a name there!). He is a "Civil Engineer (Speciality Gas)". According to the census, she is from "Wurtenburgh, Germany" which must be Wuerttemberg, since the 1901 census has Schmiden, which is part of Fellbach in Baden-Wuerttemberg.
In 1901 he is living in Fulham, working from home as a "Civil Engineer, Cycle Making", as an employer. I am thinking bicycle manufacture which I seem to remember from Open University history was a growth area in British industry around this time. Their children are Rose Pauline, Daisy Gladys and William Evans Hemingway, the middle name of the latter being William's mother's maiden name. Staying with them is a 32-year-old Jane Strong Garnett, born in Barrow-in-Furness. She turns out to be the daughter of George Garnett and Sarah nee Strong.
In 1861 at 11 Walter Street, Chorlton-upon-Medlock
Abraham Hemmingway Head Mar 33 Mechanic Engine erector (?)
Yorks., Dalton [sic]
Mary Wife Mar 34 Anglesea, Amloch
Mary E Daur 9 Scholar Surrey
Jane Daur 4 Flintshire, Saltney
Abraham Son 2 Lancashire, Openshaw
From the census addresses to the various birthplaces of their children, we can see how much the family moved, especially early on. He started near Leeds, Yorkshire, and then we see Surrey, Flintshire, and later in Lancashire: Manchester, Barrow-in-Furness and Carnforth, and eventually to Forest Gate in Essex. During his career, I imagine he followed work opportunities as the railways expanded, and his skills developed.
In 1851, a 23-year-old Abraham Hemingway, Engineer is a visitor in the Graham household at 6 Shivall Street, Poplar. The adult men are all Engineers from Yorkshire. Mary Hemingway is staying with her in-laws (presumably) in Halton.
Michel Hemingway Head Mar 61 Labourer Yorks., Hanley
Elizabeth Wife Mar 61 Yorks., Halton
Thomas Son U 19 Mechanic Yorks., Halton
James Newton Lodger U 22 Mechanic Yorks., Woodhouse
Mary Hemimgway Visitor Mar 24 Wales, Anglesea
The Parish church at Holbeck has the marriage record of Abraham Hemingway, 22, Bachelor, Engineer and Mary Evans, 22, Spinster on 20 December 1849. His father is given here as Michael Hemingway, Labourer and her father as Evan Evans, Mill Wright. This corresponds to BMD Marriage Index Dec1849 Hunslet 23 369.
The 1841 England Census has this family in Halton, all born in the county:
Michl Hemingway 50 Lab[ourer]
I'm not entirely sure of the significance of Michael (the younger) being placed out of order in age. Maybe a stepson, or maybe he was not expected home, but showed up later than the others. Regardless, Michael and Abraham were baptized 29 July 1827 at St Mary's Whitkirk, sons of Michael Hemingway, Labourer and Elizabeth.
BMD Death Index has Abraham Hemingway Jun1915 W Ham 4a 219 Age: 87, corresponding to the National Probate Calendar:
HEMINGWAY Abraham of 241 Shrewsbury-road Forest Gate Essex died 7 April 1915 Probate London 15 April to Amelia Strong (wife of Robert Strong). Effects L138 15s
Appropriately enough, he must have been transported in his coffin by rail to be buried at St Oswald's, Warton 10 April 1919, presumably next to his wife Mary. When she died in 1899 they had been married 50 years.